Talk about bodybuilding and one of the common words is steroids. It has been widely used by people for its muscle and energy enhancing effects.
However, substances like anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are also known for causing side effects. AAS acts as a synthetic testosterone that helps improve muscle mass and strength.
Testosterone as a sex hormone plays different roles in the body, particularly in men. It helps in the development of muscles, bones, liver, kidneys, hair follicles and reproductive and nervous systems.
In the form of AAS, increased muscle strength and power are not the only benefits consumers may see. These steroids also help reduce body fat, increase muscle tissue, speed up recovery and boost red blood cell production, according to Healthline.
The people suffering from diseases that damage muscles can also utilize the health benefits of steroids. AAS could prevent muscle loss in patients with AIDS, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other conditions affecting the kidney and liver.
However, AAS may not be that effective and safe for some people. The side effects of steroids affect many users, causing health experts to discourage its frequent use. AAS harms the body depending on the extent of its use.
Steroids Side Effects
For men, frequent and high intake of AAS may harm fertility. Steroid use has been linked to sudden decrease in sperm production.
Those following a resistance exercise and taking AAS as part of their routine are at high risk of developing a heart problem. The combination of steroids and strenuous activity increases the size of the heart’s left ventricle and blood pressure.
Another organ that suffers because of steroids side effects is the liver. Use of oral AAS has been associated with the risk of liver dysfunction.
Mental health can also be affected by the muscle-enhance substances. High intake of steroids can trigger aggressive behaviors and impulsivity, particularly in male teenagers and adults.
Hypogonadism affects men after long-term use of AAS. This condition causes the shrinking and decreased function of the testes.
Other Impacts On Women
In women, the substances can cause irregular menstrual cycles, enlarged clitoris, decreased breast size, facial changes and hair growth.